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Nezami (1141 - 1209)
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EXCERPTED from Wikipedia:
Nezami Ganjavi... is considered the greatest romantic epic poet in Persian literature, who brought a colloquial and realistic style to the Persian epic. His heritage is widely appreciated and shared by Azerbaijan, Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
His mother, named Ra'isa, was of a Kurdish background and his father's name, Yusuf, is mentioned once by Nezami in his poetry. Nezami was orphaned early and lived with his maternal uncle Khwajah Umar. Little is known of Nezami's life, except that he spent it in what is now Azerbaijan.
He married three times. His first wife, Afaq, a Kipchak slave girl, was sent to him by Fakhr al-Din Bahramshah, the ruler of Darband, as a part of a larger gift. She became Nezami's first and most beloved wife. His only son Mohammad was from Afaq. Afaq died after "Khosrow and Shirin" was completed. Mohammad was seven at the time. Strangely enough, Nezami's other wives, too, died prematurely - the death of each coinciding with the completion of an epic, prompting the poet to say, "God, why is it that for every mathnavi I must sacrifice a wife!"
About Nezami's prodigious learning there is no doubt. Poets were expected to be well versed in many subjects; but Nezami seems to have been exceptionally so. His poems show that not only he was fully acquainted with Arabic and Persian literature and with oral and written popular and local traditions, but was also familiar with such diverse fields as mathematics, astronomy, astrology, alchemy, medicine, Koranic exegesis, Islamic theory and law, history, ethics, philosophy and estoeric thought, music, and the visual arts. 
When in the twelfth century the Seljuks extended their control into the region, their provincial governors, virtually autonomous local princes called Atabek, encouraged Persian letters. Ganja was a major city of the Ildegezid Atabek rulers of Azerbaijan. By the mid-twelfth century, many important poets enjoyed their patronage, and there developed a distinctive "Azerbaijani" style of poetry in Persian, which contrasted with "Khurasani" ("Eastern") style in its rhetorical sophistication, its innovative use of metaphor and its use of technical terminology and Christian imagery.
For full entry see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nezami